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Baixo Alentejo was a former Portuguese province, formally established by an administrative reform in 1936. Bounded on the north side by the province of Alto Alentejo, in the Northwest by Extremadura, in the west by the Atlantic Ocean, south to the Algarve and east to Spain (province of Badajoz in Extremadura, and Huelva in Andalusia) being composed by 18 municipalities, integrating the entire district of Beja and also the southern half of the district of Setúbal.

Today, the Baixo Alentejo is part of the extensive Region Alentejo that includes 13 Counties: Aljustrel, Almodovar, Alvito, Barrancos, Beja, Castro Verde, Cuba , Ferreira do Alentejo, Mértola, Moura, Ourique, Serpa and Vidigueira, and having the city of Beja as capital.

Alentejo is strongly marked by a cultural heritage which is reflected in archaeological sites, castles, churches, old mines, museums, and small towns and villages that with their traditional buildings reflect the cultural diversity and influences to which this region was subject, also includes the discovery of historical and cultural tours and the charms of the rural tourism spread in all its counties.